disgrace

[dɪsˈɡreɪs]
  • n.

    丢脸;耻辱;不光彩;丢脸的人(或事);

  • vt.

    使丢脸;使失宠;使受耻辱;贬黜;

  • 变形

    复数: disgraces 过去式: disgraced 过去分词: disgraced 现在分词: disgracing 第三人称单数: disgraces


  • 词义辨析

    disgrace, degrade, humble

    这组词都有“使丢脸”“使受耻辱”的意思。它们之间的区别是:
    1.degrade多指因不道德的习惯或行为而丢脸; disgrace指因使人丢脸的、不光彩的行为而丢脸; humble仅指一种敬畏或卑微的心理状态。
    2.degrade指人格受损; disgrace指丧失体面。试比较以下三个句子:
    I degraded myself by stealing.
    我因偷窃而丢脸。
    The contestant did not disgrace her mother- land.
    该选手没有给祖国丢脸。
    I can't see why I should humble myself before others.
    我想不通为什么我在别人面前自卑。

    disgrace, shame

    这两个词都含有“使羞耻、羞愧”“使丢脸”的意思。它们的区别是:
    disgrace强调的是失去他人的看重或受到冷遇即失宠; 而shame强调罪恶带来的羞愧。shame的语气较disgrace强烈。例如:
    He disgraced himself last night by drinking too much.他昨晚喝酒太多出了丑。
    The president's former adviser is now in disgrace.总统的前顾问现已失宠。

    disgrace,humiliate,shame,dishonour

    这些动词均含“使丢脸、使受耻辱”的意思。
    disgrace侧重在别人,尤其在众人面前丢脸。
    humiliate强调受辱者自尊心的损坏。
    shame指由不光彩或不道德的行为引起的惭愧感或羞耻感。
    dishonour有时可与disgrace换用,但前者是指因失去荣誉所致。

    shame,disgrace,embarrassment,dishonour

    这些名词均含“丢脸,羞愧”的意思。
    shame多指因非法婚烟、私生、卖国或犯法等而丢失脸面或败坏名声,使他人认为“丢脸”、“可耻”。
    disgrace常指失去他人的尊敬和称赞而使自己感受到的丢脸、耻辱。
    embarrassment多指在社交活动中所遇到的尴尬事。
    dishonour指失去原来享有的光荣或自尊和自重。

  • 双语例句
1、

Kinkel said the attacks had brought disgrace on Germany.

金克尔声称这次袭击使德国蒙羞。

柯林斯例句

2、

What went on was a scandal. It was a disgrace to Britain.

发生的一切是个丑闻,是给英国抹黑。

柯林斯例句

3、

Coleman lives in fear of the ultimate disgrace.

科尔曼整天担心会颜面尽失。

——柯林斯例句

4、

Her behaviour has brought disgrace on her family.

她的行为使家人蒙羞。

——《牛津高阶英汉双解词典》

5、

His conduct brought disgrace upon his family.

他的所作所为给他家丢人现眼.

——《现代汉英综合大词典》

6、

For example, chaotic relationships and the prostitution of children are a huge disgrace a civilized society.

例如乱伦,雏妓问题,是文明社会的地一大耻辱.

——期刊摘选

7、

When calamity, or when disgrace to the house, let the Dedlocks listen for my steps.

当这个家庭出了不幸的事或丢脸的事, 就让德洛克家的人听听我的脚步声吧!

——期刊摘选

8、

Poverty is a pain, but no disgrace.

贫困是痛苦, 但不是耻辱.

——期刊摘选

9、

She has brought disgrace upon womankind.

她的行为让女性蒙羞。

——柯林斯例句

10、

He will die before he shall disgrace himself.

他宁肯死而决不受侮辱.

——《现代英汉综合大词典》

11、

The vicar has been involved in a scandal; he is a disgrace to the cloth.

这位教区牧师卷入了一起丑闻; 他是牧师们的一大耻辱.

——辞典例句

12、

Heretired from office in disgrace.

他受处分被撤职.

——《现代英汉综合大词典》

13、

Goldman today stands in disgrace.

哥尔德曼今天已经失宠了.

——辞典例句

14、

He was in disgrace after his ungentlemanly behavior.

他因为行为不检而为人所不齿.

——《现代英汉综合大词典》

15、

Being in disgrace, I was not favoured with a description of the interesting objects she saw.

我已经失宠, 没法听她把她所看见的有趣的东西描述一番.

——辞典例句

16、

Such an act is a disgrace to humanity.

这种行为是人类的耻辱.

——《简明英汉词典》

17、

I would rather die than disgrace myself.

我宁死不受辱.

——《现代英汉综合大词典》

18、

Her son's disgrace broke her heart.

她儿子丢脸的事让她很难过.

——《简明英汉词典》

19、

It's really a disgrace!

简直是丢丑!

——《现代汉英综合大词典》

20、

The minister was dismissed from his office in disgrace.

这位部长受到了免职处分.

——《简明英汉词典》

21、

Remember, O LORD , what has happened to us; look , and see our disgrace.

2我们的产业归与外邦人. 我们的房屋归与外路人.

——期刊摘选

22、

He is a disgrace to our school.

他是我们学校的耻辱.

——《简明英汉词典》

23、

The national airline is a disgrace.

国家航空公司真可耻。

——柯林斯例句

24、

Is it a disgrace for a woman having too many boyfriends?

对女人来说,交太多男朋友算是件不光彩的事 吗 ?

——期刊摘选

25、

His vice president also had to resign in disgrace.

他的副总统也被迫不光彩地辞去职务。

——柯林斯例句

26、

We think it no disgrace to do so.

我认为这么做并没有不光采的地方.

——《现代汉英综合大词典》

27、

Republican leaders called him a disgrace to the party.

共和党领导人称他是全党的耻辱。

——柯林斯例句

28、

You will bring disgrace on yourself by doing this.

你这样做会给自己带来耻辱.

——《简明英汉词典》

29、

No, he would never disgrace his name so far.

不, 他决不会把自己的名声辱没到这般田地.

——辞典例句

30、

There's no disgrace in being a love child.

是一个私生子也不丢人.

——期刊摘选

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